U.S. stock futures were struggling extend a winning streak to three on Wednesday as traders awaited a fresh monetary policy update from the Federal Reserve.
How are stock index futures trading
S&P 500 futures
dipped 2 points, or less than 0.1%, to 4053
Dow Jones Industrial Average futures
rose 13 points, or less than 0.1%, to 34401
Nasdaq 100 futures
eased 5 points, or less than 0.1%, to 11953
On Tuesday, the Dow Jones Industrial Average
rose 104 points, or 0.3%, to 34109, the S&P 500
increased 29 points, or 0.73%, to 4020, and the Nasdaq Composite
gained 113 points, or 1.01%, to 11257.
The Dow continues to outperform for 2022 as the year draws to a close. It is down just 6.1%, compared to the S&P 500’s fall of 15.7% and the Nasdaq Composite’s 28.05% decline.
What’s driving markets
Investors were cautious as Wall Street prepared for the Federal Reserve’s policy decision later on Wednesday.
The U.S. central bank is expected to raise borrowing costs by 50 basis points to a range of 4.25% to 4.50% at 2 p.m. Eastern.
The Fed’s previous 375 basis points of interest rate rises since March, as it battled to suppress multi-decade high inflation, have left the S&P 500 down nearly 16% for the year.
However, equity investors have become more hopeful that signs of easing price rises – such as Tuesday’s news that CPI had dropped to 7.1% – can allow the Fed to be less aggressive in its tightening policy, thereby making a recession less likely and thus supporting company earnings.
This narrative has helped the S&P 500 rally 12.4% off its 2022 lows hit in mid October. But some analysts remain wary that such optimism may falter if faced with a resolutely hawkish Fed, a view that may explain why equities gave up a big chunk of Tuesday’s initial bounce.
“The softer-than-expected inflation print in the U.S. sent the stocks higher and the U.S. dollar lower, but the S&P 500 couldn’t clear key resistance levels, as investors know that the Federal Reserve (Fed) Chair Jerome Powell could coldheartedly kill the market joy at his post-FOMC press conference today,” said Ipek Ozkardeskaya, senior analyst at Swissquote Bank.
Powell’s news conference is due to begin at 2:30 p.m. Eastern.
Stephen Innes, managing partner at SPI Asset Management, noted that at least the latest inflation numbers had established a downward trend, but he too was concerned that the Fed may eschew any dovish tilt.
“Markets have cooled off as the realization that 7% inflation still suggests the Fed has a long way to go. But after breaking [the] one step forward two steps back cycle, when the CPI declined only to pop back up again the next month, it opens the door for the FOMC to set a slightly softer tone for longer-term rates at today’s decision. The question is, with inflation still at generational highs, will the Fed walk through that door?,” said Innes in a morning bulletin.
“But hope springs eternal that lower U.S. inflation may set the tone for a better environment for corporate growth — especially if central banks can begin to ease up on the tightening cycles,” Innes concluded.