Asset management giants
and State Street appeared before the Texas Senate Committee on State Affairs on Thursday to face questions over the firms’ environmental, social, and governance investing.
ESG or “sustainable” investing—the terms are often used interchangeably—hasn’t historically been a hot political topic. But that has changed in recent years as more Republican politicians have seized on the strategy as part of the larger culture wars and found it a motivating issue for their base.
Texas is the largest U.S. oil and natural gas producer. In August, Texas Comptroller Glenn Hegar issued a list of financial companies he deemed to be boycotting the energy industry and said were thus “subject to divestment.” On the list was BlackRock, the world’s largest asset manager, with $7.96 trillion in assets under management in the third quarter.
In prepared opening remarks, Dalia Blass, head of external affairs at BlackRock, said the firm’s relationships with Texas clients “are some of the oldest” and that many of its clients’ assets are invested in the state.
“On behalf of our clients, we are significant investors in public energy companies, including many here in Texas, such as
and Cheniere,” Blass said. “We also have made significant private investments in Texas energy companies, ranging from a natural gas utility, to an energy storage company, to carbon capture. As of the end of the last quarter, on behalf of our clients, we had $107 billion invested in public Texas energy companies alone.”
Following her opening testimony, Blass faced repeated questions about issues such as BlackRock’s commitment to Climate Action 100+, an investor-led initiative to ensure the world’s largest corporate greenhouse-gas emitters take necessary action on climate change, and BlackRock’s investment performance.
Texas Republican state Sen. Bryan Hughes, chairman of the committee on state affairs, pressed Blass on a statement on BlackRock’s website, “We have joined Climate Action 100+ to help ensure the world’s largest greenhouse gas emitters take necessary action on climate change,” asking, “Is the purpose of Climate Action 100+ for BlackRock and others to secure commitments from companies to take actions to reduce greenhouse gas emissions consistent with the Paris Agreement?”
He also asked about the purpose of Larry Fink’s annual letter to CEOs and quoted from a 2020 letter in which Fink wrote: “Climate change has become a defining factor in companies’ long-term prospects….But awareness is rapidly changing, and I believe we are on the edge of a fundamental reshaping of finance.” Hughes asked repeatedly about what Fink meant by the phrase “fundamental reshaping of finance.”
Lori Heinel, global CIO for State Street Global Advisors, which manages more than $3 trillion, said the investment management arm of State Street is “proud to serve a wide range of Texas entities,” according to prepared testimony.
In Texas, SSGA manages $12.6 billion for defined contribution retirement plans and $18 billion for state and local public entities, Heinel said. Moreover, the investment servicing business of State Street Bank and Trust Company has more than $864 billion in Texas-based assets under custody or administration.
Heinel noted that the firm is obligated to act as a fiduciary for its clients. “That duty is the basis for our approach to ESG,” she said. “We believe that company-specific material ESG factors—climate impacts, but also many others, such as supply chain management, data security and the treatment of hazardous waste, to name a few—have the potential to impact the performance of investments we manage for our clients. Our sole focus is on ensuring long-term value for our investors.”
Heinel also emphasized the firm engages with its portfolio companies, and doesn’t divest, and that SSGA funds own $144 billion globally in energy related securities, with $65 billion in firms based in Texas. “We believe we are uniquely positioned and incentivized—and have a fiduciary duty—to encourage portfolio companies to consider long-term risks and opportunities in order to maximize long-term value for our clients,” she said.
Vanguard had been scheduled to appear at the hearing but was excused. The committee cited the firm’s decision this month to pull out of the Net Zero Asset Managers initiative, which encourages firms to reach net zero emission targets by 2050 and limit the rise in global temperatures.
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